Bosutinib in patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia intolerant to prior tyrosine kinase inhibitors: Analyses from the BYOND study
Abstract No : 7551
Abstract Type : Poster Discussion Session
Indication : Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML)
Intervention : Bosutinib
Company : Pfizer Inc
Technology : Small molecule
Of 163 pts who received BOS, 156 had Ph+ CP CML. 73 pts entered the study due to intolerance; 29, 26 and 18 had 1 (CP2L), 2 (CP3L) and 3 (CP4L) prior TKIs, respectively. After a median follow-up of 30.4 mo, median treatment duration across all 3 cohorts (CP2L, CP3L, CP4L, respectively) was 25.3 mo (29.2, 24.6, 17.6) and median dose intensity was 292.0 mg/d (304.5, 284.8, 272.1). Across CP CML cohorts (CP2L, CP3L, CP4L, respectively), 84.9% of patients (82.8%, 88.5%, 83.3%) had ≥1 dose reduction and 83.6% (79.3%, 84.6%, 88.9%) had ≥1 dose interruption due to adverse events (AEs). At the data cutoff, 53.4% (CP2L 65.5%, CP3L 42.3%, CP4L 50.0%) were still receiving BOS. The most common reason for discontinuation was AEs (28.8%). The most common ( > 40%) treatment-emergent AEs (TEAEs) were diarrhea (87.7%) and nausea (43.8%). Grade 3/4 TEAEs in > 10% of pts were diarrhea (16.4%), increased alanine aminotransferase (19.2%) and increased lipase (12.3%). Most pts with a valid baseline assessment achieved major molecular responses (MMR) across therapy lines (Table). Deaths occurred in 4 pts (CP2L 1, CP3L 3, CP4L 0); none were related to BOS or CML. Overall survival rate (95% CI) at 2 y in TKI-intolerant pts was 97.2% (89.2–99.3); rates were 96.4% (77.2–99.5), 96.0% (74.8–99.4) and 100% (100–100) in CP2L, CP3L and CP4L pts, respectively.
A long duration of treatment and high response rate were observed in TKI-intolerant pts treated with BOS. Despite being intolerant to all prior therapies, ≥50% of pts in the overall intolerant cohort remained on BOS treatment at the data cutoff and > 80% achieved/maintained MMR. These results further support BOS use in pts with Ph+ CP CML and intolerance to all prior TKIs.
High response rate even among the patients who had failed upto 3 prior TKI therapies (MMR 82.2%) encourages use in patients with Ph+ CP CML.