Ixazomib vs placebo maintenance for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) patients not undergoing autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT): The phase III TOURMALINE-MM4 trial.
Abstract No : 8527
Abstract Type : Poster Discussion Session
Indication : Multiple Myeloma
Intervention : Ixazomib
Company : Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Takeda
Technology : Small molecule
Baseline characteristics were well balanced. Overall median age was 73 yrs, 38% of patients were aged ≥75 yrs, 35% were ISS stage III, and 22%/40%/38% had CR/VGPR/PR post induction. Overall, 82% of patients received a PI and 33% an immunomodulatory drug as part of their induction regimen. At a median follow-up of 21.1 months, median PFS was 17.4 months with ixazomib vs 9.4 months with placebo (hazard ratio [HR] 0.659, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.542–0.801, p < 0.001). Significant (p < 0.001) PFS benefit was seen in patients who achieved CR/VGPR post induction (Table). Overall survival data are not yet mature (19% of events); follow-up is ongoing. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were mostly grade 1–2 (37% vs 23% of patients had grade ≥3 TEAEs with ixazomib vs placebo). Common TEAEs for ixazomib vs placebo included nausea (27% vs 8%), vomiting (24% vs 4%), and diarrhea (23% vs 12%); 5% vs 6% of patients had new primary malignancies. No cumulative toxicities were observed.
Ixazomib maintenance therapy in nonASCT NDMM patients showed a clinically meaningful 34% reduction in the risk of progression or death, with a well-tolerated safety profile. Ixazomib is the first oral PI maintenance option for non-ASCT NDMM patients.
Ixazomib, first oral PI maintenance option for Non ASCT patients in NDMM, has demonstrated clinically meaningful PFS improvement