Weekly selinexor, bortezomib, and dexamethasone (SVd) versus twice weekly bortezomib and dexamethasone (Vd) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) after one to three prior therapies: Initial results of the phase III BOSTON study.
Abstract No : 8501
Abstract Type : Oral Abstract Session
Indication : Multiple Myeloma
Intervention : Selinexor
Company : Karyopharm Therapeutics
Technology : Small molecule
402 pts were enrolled; 195 and 207 to SVd and Vd, respectively. Median age was 67 (range: 38-90). Most (59.6%) pts were > 65 years and 57.1% were male. R-ISS stage at the time of MM diagnosis was III for 18.5% of pts. Baseline characteristics were balanced across the 2 arms. SVd significantly prolonged PFS vs Vd (median 13.93 vs 9.46 months, HR = 0.70, P = 0.0066). SVd was associated with a significantly higher ORR (76.4% vs 62.3%, P = 0.0012). Median OS was not reached on SVd vs 25 months on Vd (P = 0.28). Most frequent treatment-related adverse events (grade ≥3) for SVd vs Vd were thrombocytopenia (35.9% vs 15.2%), fatigue (11.3% vs 0.5%) and nausea (7.7% vs 0%). Clinically important differences were reported on the motor, autonomic and sensory scales on CIPN20. PN rates (grade ≥2) were significantly lower with SVd vs Vd (21.0% vs 34.3%, P = 0.0013).
BOSTON is the first phase 3 study to evaluate the clinical benefit of SVd for relapsed/refractory MM. The study met the primary endpoint: once weekly SVd significantly improved PFS and ORR compared to twice weekly Vd. Rates of PN were significantly reduced with numerically fewer deaths on SVd vs Vd. Full dataset will be presented at the meeting.
Once-weekly regimen of selinexor plus bortezomib and dexamethasone could be a new standard of care in patients with multiple myeloma.