Bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (VRD) is superior to lenalidomide, adriamycin, and dexamethasone (RAD) prior to risk-adapted transplant in newly diagnosed myeloma
Abstract No : 8521
Abstract Type : Poster Discussion Session
Indication : Multiple Myeloma
Intervention : Bortezomib
Company : Celgene, AMGEN
Technology : Small molecule
Between 05/2012-06/2016, 476 pts were randomized and 469 received at least one dose of study drug. Pts’ median age was 55 (range, 32–65) years. 11.3% of pts had FISH del17p; 11.6% had t(4;14); and 4.4% had t(14;16). PInd CR rate was 11.8% (90% CI, 7.9%-16.3%) with RAD and 13.0% (90% CI, 8.9-18.0) with VRD (P = .697). 382 pts underwent R2 with 279 pts. (73%) in >VGPR and 103 (27%) in < VGPR, respectively. Median duration of R maint (N = 298) was 21.2 mos for A2, 23.1 mos for B2, 27.4 mos for C2, and 11.0 mos. for D2. At a median follow-up of 40.2 (0.5-87.0) months, median PFS from first randomization with RAD was 41.7 (95% CI, 35.4-48.5) mos vs. 53.7 (95% CI, 46.2-63.1) mos with VRD (P = .0439). Median PFS from 2ndR was 38.7 (95% CI, 30.3-47.3) mos for the 181 RAD vs. 50.7 (95% CI, 44.4-64.9) mos for the 201 VRD pts (P = .0126). Median overall survival (OS) cannot be estimated. With 47 deceased RAD vs 36 VRD pts, HR was .671 (95% CI, .435-1.037; P = .0703).
In this study, median PFS benefit was 12 mos in favor of VRD vs. RAD despite comparable PInd CR. We show for the first time a len-PI to be superior to a len-chemo triplet, confirmed with positive OS trends. 3-year PFS for all consolidation arms will be presented.
This study has consolidated the position of bortezomib as the preferred combination drug to be used in NDMM