Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day
Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day

Metastatic Breast Cancer Awareness Day

 

Metastatic Breast Cancer is breast cancer, which has spread beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes to several parts of the body. It is the most advanced stage of breast cancer.


Metastatic Breast Cancer Symptoms 

The most common breast cancer metastasis sites are Bones, Lungs, Brain, and Liver. 


If the breast or chest wall is affected, symptoms may include

  • Pain
  • Nipple discharge
  • Lump or thickening in the breast or underarm


If the bones are affected, symptoms may include

  • Pain
  • Fractures
  • Constipation
  • Decreased alertness due to high calcium levels


If tumors form in the lungs, symptoms may include

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Coughing
  • Chest wall pain
  • Extreme fatigue


If the liver is affected, symptoms may include

  • Nausea
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Increased abdominal girth
  • Swelling of the feet and hands due to fluid collection
  • Yellowing or itchy skin


If breast cancer spreads to the brain or spinal cord and forms tumors, symptoms may include

  • Pain
  • Confusion
  • Memory loss
  • Headache
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Difficulty with speech
  • Difficulty with movement or seizures


Metastatic Breast Cancer Risks 

  • Age
  • Biology of the tumor
  • Family history
  • Gene Mutations
  • Stage at the time of the original diagnosis
  • Treatments for the original cancer


Metastatic Breast Cancer Diagnosis 

  • Blood tests
  • Whole-body bone scan
  • MRI of the spine or brain
  • CT scan of the chest, abdomen, pelvis, and/or brain
  • PET scan
  • X-ray or ultrasound of the abdomen or chest
  • Bronchoscopy
  • Biopsy of any suspicious area


Metastatic Breast Cancer Treatment 

  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Surgery