30May

Glasdegib in combination with azacitidine in patients with untreated higher-risk MDS, AML and CMML: Effects on marrow recovery and transfusion independence

Glasdegib in combination with azacitidine (AZA) in patients (pts) with untreated higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML): Effects on marrow recovery and transfusion independence


Abstract No : 7526

Abstract Type : Poster Discussion Session

Indication : AML/CMML

Intervention : Glasdegib

Company : Pfizer

Technology : Small molecule


Results:

Among pts with MDS (n=30; including 3 with CMML), median duration of treatment was 5.0 months (range, 0.4–15.5). Recovery of absolute neutrophil count (ANC), hemoglobin (Hb) and platelets at 2 thresholds started in cycle (Cyc) 1 (Table). Early platelet recovery correlated with response to treatment; 54% (7/13) of pts with platelets ≥100,000/µL at Cyc 2, D1 achieved complete or partial remission vs 0% (0/13) of pts with <100,000/µL, P=0.002. Start of Cyc 2 was delayed due to AEs in 8% (2/26) of pts. 54% (7/13) of evaluable pts transfusion dependent at baseline (BL) became transfusion independent. Among pts with AML (n=30), median duration of treatment was 5.0 months (range, 0.3–14.9). ANC, Hb and platelet recoveries started in Cyc 1 (Table). 9% (2/23) of pts had Cyc 2 dose delays due to AEs. 64% (9/14) of evaluable pts transfusion dependent at BL became transfusion independent.


Conclusion:

Glasdegib + AZA shows promising rates of survival with early marrow recovery in the up-front treatment of pts with MDS, AML and CMML ineligible for intensive chemotherapy. The association between early hematopoietic recovery and efficacy in the MDS cohort merits further study.


Commentary:

Promising survival results by Glasdegib in combination with AZA in high risk MDS (15.8 mos) and AML (mOS 9.2 mos).


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