Sickle cell disease
World Sickle Cell Day

World Sickle Cell Day is observed on 19 June every year to promote public awareness regarding sickle cell disease and its treatment methods. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an inherited genetic abnormality of haemoglobin. This causes stuck in small blood vessels, which can decrease blood flow and oxygen to parts of the body. Normally, red blood cells are round that can move easily through the blood vessels. In sickle cell anemia, the red blood cells become rigid and sticky. Red blood cells can live up to 120 days before the body needs to replace them, while sickle cells last only 10 to 20 days causing anaemia because of red blood cells disorder.