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Relation between gut microbes and depression bolstered

Relations between the central nervous system and the trillions of bacteria in the gut are being targeted for research. What we know so far is based on studies indicating links between specific gut bacteria, their metabolites and neurological symptoms. However these links do not prove cause and effect. Many studies ...

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Can GABA turn pancreatic α-cells into β-cells?

Functional β-cell mass loss leads to the pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and also adds to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Genetically induced downregulation of Arx, a key transcription factor for glucagon-producing α-cell specification and phenotype, in α-cells converts them into insulin-producing β...

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